What are the most frequent errors with the fitting of a saddle?

Most frequently two errors are to be observed. Over the saddle more or less pressure is very often transferred to the spinal column. This may happen in no case. Imagine, something would press you strongly on your back and you should make knee-bends. The pressure on eddies and the gaps is already very unpleasantly by itself and besides blocks it thereby all natural courses of motion.

The second error, which is very often to be observed, are saddles, which impair the shoulder and thus the freedom of movement of the scapula and the musculature connected with it.

Other frequently occurring errors depend particularly on the kind of the saddle. Above all western-saddles are frequently too long or too short for the back and are inclined thereby to the arching and exert at the wrong bearing positions very large pressure. With classical dressage-saddle or saddle for springing you can find frequently an useless or through-ridden upholstering. In such a way developing uneven contact area or local unevenness produces sooner or later to back sores.

Are we surprised as riders, if our horse under such conditions "does not release" the back? Or with head striking, tail striking, clock impurities or with spannings and serious back problems reacts on a long-term basis?

Which influence does the saddle-cloth have on the fitting of a saddle?

With classical saddles frequently an anatomically formed blanket is used, i.e. a thin or only easily padded saddle cover swung in the back portion. Thus problems result rarely. On the other hand you can see in the back portion straight cut numnah frequently. These are optically favourable, but by the saddle flap these blankets are often pulled tautly on the back during riding and exert thereby pressure on the spinal column. These are optically favourable, but by the saddle flap these blankets are often pulled tautly on the back during riding and exert thereby pressure on the spinal column.

For the western saddle the typical - thickly padded - Pads is an indispensable and good possibility of adjusting small false fits of the saddle. Importantly with the fact it is however that the cotton wool is examined again and again for correct seat and the correct consistency. Western pads are used usually unfortunately much for for a long time (to break through the cotton wool fibers and thus insufficient absorption).

How can I judge the fitting of a saddle with the Satteltester?

The measuring mat of the Satteltester is put directly on the horseback underneath normal saddle things. The forces, those by the saddle, the blanket or the weight of the rider are exercised, as well as the dynamic forces from the movement can be visualized exactly. The pressure values are passed on over a radio data transmission connection on a computer and represented there in a coloured diagram. The respective colour at each special pressure point is assigned to a pressure intensity specified before thereby. Light green colours mean relatively low pressure and low-red colours relatively high pressure. By the distribution of the colour values on the diagram conclusions on the pressure distribution within the entire range of the saddle bearing surface can be done. In the ideal case we have no or only completely small force effects within the range of the spinal column at all and in the rest of range of the saddle situation - with straight arranged horse - a very even pressure distribution.

Why is it to be judged so importantly the fitting in motion?

Static measurements cannot do a realistic statement for the fit of the saddle "in action". That would be so similar - to remain over in the picture -, as if you would try on a few new moving shoes exclusively in lying. Evenly: Not straight meaningfully!

A saddle, which sits apparently perfectly in standing on the stable lane, without weight load, without action of the horse, can prepare suddenly substantial problems in motion and under the weight of the rider.

First of all, the form of the horseback in motion continual changes by the bone and muscle apparatus. The scapula moves forward and to the rear, muscles harnesses themselves and eases again etc. 

Secondly the entire anatomy of the horse changes by riding in collection. The back raises itself, the horse shortens, the muscle portions become broader and thicker. 

The rider exerts changing forces by weight and "active" seat (active effect by "cross" and shift of emphasis...) on the horseback, which have naturally also effects on the saddle situation. 

 A really meaningful evaluation can take place thus only in the motion.

Why is a camera function integrated into the Satteltester?

The application of force or pressure on the horseback is not only caused by the form of the saddle, the saddle cloth and the weight of the rider. 
Also the seat of the rider, its aids and also the position of the horse are naturally relevant. 
During the interpretation of the force pictures it is thus important to see what makes the unit from rider and horse in the respective situation. 
While a pressure distribution on the straight line, symmetrical to the spinal column, is correct, the one-sided pressure distribution is even absolutely necessary in the turn or with leg-yielding.  

The parallel stored recording of the camera makes the conclusion possible from the abstract pressure distribution picture at each time to the simultaneous action of rider and horse. This function is essential, if - together with the rider - later a common evaluation and problem discussion are to be made.

By the way an interesting aspect for professional coaches: Where otherwise do I have the possibility of presenting and of correcting with it lastingly to the student its seat errors similarly impressively and understandably? Or formulates positive: The correct and effective aid by cross and weight - even for the beginner - highly transparently visible and comprehensible become too leave.)

Why doesn't the Satteltester works with absolute pressure values?

My wife and I ride the same horse with the same saddle. I weigh however approx. 40 kg more than my wife. Nevertheless the saddle may transfer with none of us both inadmissible pressures to the horseback.

For the development of the measuring mat was a very flat design of highest priority. Only by this way as small influence of the results of measurement as possible can be ensured by the measuring mat. 

The measurement is to be seen thus relative. As long as a homogenous, to a large extent symmetrical pressure distribution and a free spinal column are to be recognized, it is nearly unimportant for the fit of the saddle if 230 mm of mercury column or 471 mm of mercury column work. 
This statement refer explicitly only to the fit of the saddle not to the maximum possible stress of a horse.

Which signs for back-sores can I recognize?

Already before developing an open back-sores there are clearly perceptible alarm flags that the saddle does not fit optimally and thus problems caused.

The best sign is among other things the behaviour of your horse when saddling or also when riding. Does your horse react sensitively, if you clean it on the back? Does your horse already react stroppy, if you go with the saddle toward it? Does it stand jerkily, if you present the saddle or put on the belt (saddle obligation, belt obligation)? Remarkably are also pushing the back through when ascending, a held, strutted back when riding, tail striking or also clock errors, indignantness or recalcitrantnesses. Observe your horse fine-feeling and exactly. Frequently several signs emerge at the same time.

Remarkable signs are to be observed frequently also after riding. The "sweat picture" on the saddle situation can give valuable indications for back-sores. Are there dry areas in the midst of wet skin? Does your horse in the saddle situation get white hair? Also that can be indications for a badly fitting saddle. Ask in the case of doubt your veterinary surgeon.

How can durable back-sores affect itself?

Exactly the same as we humans with an arising pain try to evade to this take also horses an already attitude.
This leads at first to spannings, because the muscle apparatus is not designed for this "unnatural" body attitude. This false attitude can affect different kind and ways on the complicated muscle and bone apparatus.
The horse forms in the long term intensified muscle portion, which is hindering in normal motion. These durable false attitudes can lead then to unwillingness, clock impurities or even to partial and/or perfect lameness, or the like.

If such substantial consequences already occurred, only lengthy gymnastics (i.e. to the lungeing-rein with appropriate helping reins) and turning off the pain releasing factors (here the mismatching saddle) can bring an improvement with itself.

If the saddle does not fit, do I have to then buy absolutely a new?

Not necessarily. 
Check our measurement examples! 
Frequently in western riding are to be found very old Pads. These are padded with cotton wool, which breaks with the time.
The cotton wool cannot absorb any longer correctly, because the otherwise long fibers are only present in small fragments. 
With cotton pads it is recommended to examine it occasionally for the consistence.

Even an expensive, measure-manufactured dressage saddle (or jumping saddle...) "fatigues" after a certain time - the upholstery should be controlled in regular intervals and after-padded if necessary by the specialist. 
In combination with classical saddles frequently within the spinal column range straight cut numnahs are used. This can likewise lead depending upon saddle and depending upon back form of the horse to problems.

How can the Satteltester be used for riding instruction?

There are different theories, how the weight of the rider is to be used. Some say the horse yield to the weight; some say the horse try to step under the common emphasis of horse and rider.
In each case however weight shifting and the purposeful employment of the seat peaks and/or the cross play a large role in all kinds of riding. By the evaluation of the pressure distribution picture also a statement about the way of the weight aid can be made.

Where otherwise do I have the possibility of presenting and of correcting with it lastingly to the riding student its seat errors similarly impressively and understandably? Or formulates positive: To let become the correct and effective effect by cross and weight - even for the rank beginner - highly transparently visible and comprehensible??? 

de_DEGerman en_USEnglish